Links to Premium Ohio History Connection Resources
Named for the broad Muskingum floodplain, the three acre Big Bottom park is the site of a skirmish between Ohio Company settlers and some Delaware and Wyandot Indians on 2 January 1791. The Big Bottom massacre marked the start of four years of frontier warfare in Ohio, which only stopped when General Anthony Wayne and the Indian tribes signed the Treaty of Greenville.
Near the site of the battle of Fallen Timbers, this small park contains a monument honoring Major General Anthony Wayne as well as smaller monuments to the soldiers and Native Americans who died in the battle. The battle of Fallen Timbers on 20 August 1794, was decisive in bringing the Indians of the Northwest Territory to sign the Treaty of Greene Ville. By this treaty the Indians ceded southern and eastern Ohio to settlers.
William Henry Harrison built Fort Meigs on the Maumee River in 1813 to protect northwest Ohio and Indiana from British invasion. Today's reconstruction is one of the largest log forts in America. In the spring of 2003, the fort underwent a major renovation and the construction of a Museum and Education Center.The Museum and Education Center has 3,000 square feet of exhibits and artifacts - including soldiers' letters and diaries, weapons, maps, and uniforms - that describe Fort Meigs role during the War of 1812.
In late 1791, a confederacy of Indian warriors led by Little Turtle and Blue Jacket surprised and overwhelmed an American army of about 1,600 men under Major General Arthur St. Clair at this site along the Wabash River. Well over half of St. Clair's troops were killed or wounded in this greatest of all Indian victories over American military forces. In December 1793, Major General Anthony Wayne sent a detachment to the site to begin a four-sided picketed post with a projecting blockhouse at each corner. Today the Fort Recovery State Memorial offers visitors a glimpse of the 1790s with two reconstructed blockhouses and connecting stockade wall, an obelisk monument, and newly renovated museum exhibits.
The Johnston Farm & Indian Agency
The Johnston Farm & Indian Agency celebrates 2,000 years of Ohio's rich history from prehistoric Indians to Ohio's canal era. The focal point of the peaceful 200-acre park is John Johnston--farmer, public official, and U.S. Indian Agent for western Ohio from 1812 to 1829. Here Johnston's numerous contributions to the growth of early Ohio and settlement of frontier America are presented in a truly unique and beautiful setting.
Originally built in the fall of 1812 by Kentucky troops under the command of Lt. Col. Robert Pogue, the fort was enlarged to almost double the original size during the spring of 1813 by Ohio militia soldiers under the command of Capt. Daniel Hosbrook.
Museum in a Box:
Ohio's Historic Indians
This Museum in a Box focuses on the principal historic Indian cultures that were associated with Ohio, from about 1740 A.C.E. until the end of the reservation period in 1843 A.C.E.
Links to additional outside resources to enhance this section on the Dominion of War: Ohio and the Expansion of American Territory through Conflict